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עמיות וזהות יהודית
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פעילות לדיון בנושא של נאמנות ללאום - היהודי או האזרחי (במדינות שונות...) וכן לדיון במשמעות של עמיות יהודית.
15:21 (14/09/14) אורית לסר

Connecting to Community Brothers and Enemies Goals: - Examine the conflicts between our national and religious identity. - Further explore the idea of connectedness of Jews throughout the world. Materials: - In the classroom Flashlights CD player Soft mood music Lined paper Pencils Lesson: 6:30 - Do not let students in the room until class starts. Turn off lights and have scattered flashlights to give dim light and soft music playing. Have paper and pencils at 10 seats scattered around the room. Ask students to come in silently and take a seat. After slowly reading each of the three segments, give students time to write in their “diary” as if they are this soldier. Segment 1 – The year is 1915 and you are living in Germany. You are a proud German citizen. You love your country and your family has lived here since your great-great-grandparents came more than 150 years ago. Your family is Jewish but not overly religious. You go to synagogue for holidays and occasionally on Shabbat. Of your closest friends there are a few Jews but most of them aren’t. You do well in school and are on the soccer team and play the violin. Generally, you rarely think about being Jewish, you are a German, just like everybody else. Things have been worrisome for all Germans lately. Germany and its ally Austria-Hungary have been at war with France, Russia and Britain since the assignation of Archduke Franz Ferdinand. One of your teachers, who is a great role model for you, is always talking about duty to country and the honor of serving for such a noble cause. You have just graduated from high school and have decided to join the army. You have filled out all the paperwork and tomorrow you leave for training camp. Your parents are both proud of how brave you are and worried for your safety. Take some time now to write in your “diary” about how you are feeling, your hopes and fears on the night before you report to the army. This is a free write and you should keep writing until I say stop. Segment 2 – You’ve been in the army for about three months. It hasn’t been easy. Training camp was hard work and the food was awful. However, you are thriving in the army. You are a leader in your troop and the best sharpshooter in the whole company. Your troop has not yet seen much action on the front lines. Mostly you have been doing support work behind the main flanks. You have, however, seen some of the devastating effects of war. Everybody has seen the bombed out buildings from the Allied air strikes, but there is nothing sadder than a field after battle. Trees are riddled with bullet holes, there are dark pools in the grass where soldiers bled and there is a ghostly quiet. Last week, you were assigned guard duty with the hospital unit. You saw many young men and women your age coming in with horrible injuries. One soldier had stepped on a land mine. His leg was missing from the knee down and he had burns all over his body. You could hear him crying out in pain from the hallway. Later that evening he died. You don’t even want to think about the possibility of something like that happening to you, especially because tomorrow your company is being deployed for a special mission. You will be part of a flank that will sneak attack the enemy from behind while the rest of the division is attacking from the front. This is a crucial battle that may break the enemy and decide the course of the war. Everyone else in your bunk is sleeping, or at least pretending to, but you can’t fall asleep. Take some time now to write in your “diary” about how you are feeling. Reflect on your experiences thus far in the army and also on the battle to come tomorrow. This is a free write and you should keep writing until I say stop. Segment 3 – It has been an incredibly long and emotionally exhausting day. It is hard to believe you are the same person you were when you wrote in your journal last night before the battle. Early in the morning, before sunrise, your company took a long circuitous route to the north of the enemy encampment. The plan was for small groups to sneak deep into enemy territory, cut south and launch an offensive from the rear about five hours after the main attack had begun. The operation required stealth, precision and a good bit of luck. The morning started all right and your group was able to successfully cross the border undetected. To avoid check points, you often had to cross over dirt back roads and rickety wooden bridges. Finally toward noon, the company is reunited at the rendezvous point. Scouts are sent out to determine how the battle is going so far since your company has had to cut off communication for this mission. The battle is not going as well as your commanders had planned and it seems that the enemy has made serious gains against your side. The sneak attack is more important than ever. Your group is assigned to provide cover for the front line and then bring up the rear. You are very confident; this will utilize all your marksmanship skills. The first waves of the attack are very successful. The first troops in are able to capitalize on the surprise element and drive deep into the enemy. It is clear that the pressure on both sides is having an impact on the enemy position. They are beginning to retreat to the south and north, splitting into two groups. Your group is now assigned to follow the southward company. At some point your troop is engaged in a long shoot out through a wooded lot. Eventually you wear the enemy down but you and your comrades are forced to do a tree to tree search to make sure no enemy soldiers are hiding in the grove of trees. You hear a rustling and move off in the direction of the sound. As you are rounding the trunk of an enormous elm you feel a blow to your right shoulder blade. You manage not to fall but as you spin around, you are caught again by a kick to your shin. You quickly lunge forward and drive your shoulder into your attacker, an enemy soldier. You soon realize you are too far away for any of your fellow soldiers to help. The enemy has you pinned to the ground and is trying to choke you. As you struggle against him you realize that you must kill him before he kills you. You manage to reach your rifle, which you had dropped when you were first hit. You weakly drive the bayonet, into his back. You see a look of surprise come into the stranger’s eyes and then the shock of pain. You can feel his warm blood making your hand sticky. He falls sideways and you throw his legs off you and jump up. Your blade must have punctured a lung, with each breath he is coughing blood. You stand above him panting, ready to strike again if need be. Then the stranger closes his eyes and with his dying breath whispers “Shema Yisrael, Adonai Elohainu, Adonai Ehad.” Once again you should write in your “diary” about how you are feeling, after this experience. This is a free write and you should keep writing until I say stop. 6:50 – Turn on the lights and turn off the flashlights. Ask for volunteers to share from their diary entries at each stage. Give the most time to entries from the third segment. How did they feel about killing the enemy soldier? Did it matter to them that he was a Jew? Do they think it would have mattered to the other soldier? If you had seen a Jewish star around the soldier’s neck when you were first fighting would you have tried to explain to him that you were Jewish too? What would it feel like to go to synagogue after this experience? Make sure that the conversation draws out the irony of dual identities in the modern Jewish world. We can be both enemies with someone on a national level and yet brothers with them in religion. 7:05 – Divide the students into small groups. Each group should try to think of something that could happen to an American Jew in which your identification with your country could come in conflict with your identification as a Jew. Since the war scenario has already been used, students should try to think of another situation. Groups should discuss what they would do in the situation. Each group should prepare a short skit setting up the situation and their resolution. 7:17 – Each group should present the first part of their skits depicting the situation. The whole class should have a chance to discuss what they would do in the situation and then the presenting group should show how they decided to resolve the matter. 7:25 - Dismiss הקובץ להורדה: Brothers or Enemies.doc

 
 
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